What is Psychotherapy?

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Psychotherapy is a common therapy treatment that is used in today’s time to treat various mental health conditions. It’s also trusted and used by many mental health professionals. The psychotherapy treatment process usually goes on for under a year, depending on the needs of the patient. Most psychotherapy sessions are typically around 1 hour and take place once a week.


Which Conditions is Psychotherapy Used to Treat and Who Can Benefit From it?

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A few conditions that psychotherapy is used for: depression, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, addiction issues, low self-esteem issues and other mental health issues. People that suffer with mental issues, typically find it difficult to understand and express their feelings. Psychotherapy helps people with expressing their feelings and helping them to deal with it in a healthy manner. Psychotherapy is also used to help families with dealing with their issues, conflicts and disputes. Robin D. Stone, LMHC says, “Today, more people are making psychotherapy a part of their self-care practice. In the same way they have personal trainers, they are investing in therapists — and that’s a good thing.”


People who are unable to cope with sadness, everyday problems, stress, the inability to concentrate, people who drink or abuse substances excessively and people who worry and stress unnecessarily. 


How Does Psychotherapy Work?

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Psychotherapy is also known as ‘’talk therapy.’’ It focuses on allowing the patient to talk about their problems, rather than prescribing them with medications. Sometimes psychotherapy is one on one and sometimes in a group. It all depends on the situation. The psychotherapist will help the patient get to the root of the problem and they will also help the patient to deal and cope with their problems. 


How to Choose a Psychotherapist


If you’ve decided that psychotherapy might be the answer to your problem, then you’ll need to consult your primary care physician. Your doctor will need to do a thorough and complete examination in order to determine any physical conditions. You can also ask your doctor to refer you to a psychotherapist. In some cases, consulting a psychiatrist might be necessary. As some may require medication to help with treatment along with psychotherapy treatment. Once you’ve found a therapist, you will need to be able to feel comfortable with them and they must also have the necessary qualifications to help. “A good therapist should be open and willing to understand your concerns. If your counselor doesn’t take your concerns seriously or is unwilling to accept feedback, then it’s probably in your best interest to consult with another therapist about it.” Noah Rubinstein, LMFT, LMHC explained.

The Types of Psychotherapy:

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Cognitive Therapy:

Cognitive therapy focuses on the individuals present, rather than the past. It begins with what the patient thinks, which shapes the way they feel. Individuals usually feel useless, helpless and negative thoughts about oneself. Cognitive therapy usually goes hand in hand with behavior therapy, which addresses both behavior and thoughts.


Behavior Therapy:

People who are emotionally stressed usually have behavioral issues. Behavioral therapy helps patients behave in a healthy and positive way. It also teaches patients how to replace negative behavioral patterns with positive ones.


Psychodynamic Therapy:

This therapy is used when all the others have failed. It also goes deeper than the other therapies. It addresses issues and incidents from the past, which have affected an individual. It also allows the patient to realize the impact that the past issues have on their present day. The therapist will also help the patient with dealing with all unresolved issues from the past, such as: relationship issues, addiction etc. “Psychodynamic therapy is insight oriented. In other words, this approach focuses on helping you gain insight into how your early life experiences” Hannah Goodman, LMHC said.


Group Therapy:

Many people don’t want to go down this route. However, talking in a group and knowing that there are others who are facing the same problems as you can actually help. It also helps those who feel isolated and lonely. 


Interpersonal Therapy:

This type of therapy is done to evaluate specific issues in a patient’s life. It focuses on the patient’s relationships with others and conflicts with others too. It helps with improving relationships, communicating better and coping with any issues. It’s beneficial for those who have social issues and relationship issues. 


Family Therapy:

This type of therapy is beneficial for families who have had conflicts and disputes. The therapist helps the family members to communicate with one another in a positive manner. It also helps with identifying the issues and can help them with breaking destructive and negative patterns. 


Reference: Medical News Today